There are many chemical and/or pharmaceutical compounds used in research or in the treatment of diseases that are also considered by the EPA to be hazardous wastes when disposed of. Listed below are some common materials found at the University of Florida.
NOTE: This list is provided as a guide only and is by no means all-inclusive. Please refer to the Chemical Waste Management Guide for a more comprehensive listing of characteristic wastes and specific chemicals that are regulated as Hazardous Waste.
The 7 drugs listed below are regulated as hazardous waste for the purpose of disposal. This includes out-of-date and unused materials. Any of these materials in liquid or solid form must be collected by EH&S for disposal. They cannot be placed in biological waste containers (red bags or boxes), poured down the drain or placed in the regular trash. Sharps, pipette tips, tubing, gloves, wipes and any other items contaminated with these materials should be disposed of as biological waste.
- Chlorambucil (Leukeran)
- Melphalan (Alkeran)
- Uracil Mustard
- Mitomycin (Mutamycin)
- Cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan, Neosar, Procytox)
- Streptozocin (Zanosar)
- Dauorubicin (Cerubidine)
Commonly Used Medicinal Products
These products, for disposal purposes, are also regulated as hazardous wastes and are commonly found in medical use or research.
Arsenic, Lead and Cadmium compounds are commonly used in veterinary medicine. Barium (Barium Sulfate) is used as an x-ray contrast medium. Chromium is found in many nutritional supplements. Mercury is found in preservatives (Thimerosol), thermometers, sphygnomanometers and antiseptics (Mercurochrome). Selenium is found in ointments (selenium sulfide), shampoos and nutritional supplements. Silver can be found in burn ointments (Silvadene), styptic sticks (silver nitrate) and some antiseptics.
Minute quantities of these metals can make your waste a hazardous waste. The regulatory limits are 0.2 mg/l for mercury, 1.0mg/l for selenium and cadmium, 5.0 mg/l for lead, chromium, silver and arsenic and 100 mg/l for barium.
Other EPA Regulated Chemicals with Medicinal Uses
The following is a list of compounds that may have medicinal, pharmacological, research or other similar uses.
|Pharmaceutic aid (solvent)|
|Acetyl Chloride||testing for cholesterol|
|Acrylonitrile||used in pharmaceutical mfg.|
|Aniline||used in pharmaceutical mfg.|
|3- Benzyl Chloride||used in pharmaceutical mfg.|
|Bromoform||sedative, hypnotic, antitussive|
|Carbon Tetrachloride||anthelmintic, phamaceutic aid (solvent)|
|Chloral||mfg. of chloral hydrate|
|2-Chloroethyl vinyl ether||mfg of anesthetics and sedatives|
|Chloropropionitrile||used in pharmaceutical synthesis|
|Dichlorobenzene||germicide, used in pharmaceutical mfg|
|Dimethylamine||used in pharmaceutical mfg.|
|Ethyl Acetate||pharmaceutic aid (flavoring agent)|
|Ethylene Oxide||surgical instrument sterilizer|
|Ethyl Ether||disinfectant, anesthetic|
|Formaldehyde||antiseptic, disinfectant, preservative|
|Maleic Anhydride||mfg of pharmaceuticals|
|Methanol||solvent used in the mfg. of pharmaceuticals|
|3-Methylcholanthrene||used experimentally in cancer research|
|Paraldehyde||sedative, hypnotic, controlled substance|
|Phenol||antiseptic, anesthetic, antipruritic|
|Sodium Diethyl dithiocarbamate||Ni/Cd poisoning antidote|
|Potassium Silver Cyanide||bactericide|
|Strychnine||veterinary tonic and stimulant|
|Trichloroethylene||inhalation anesthetic, mfg. of pharmaceuticals|