Hazardous Construction and Demolition Waste
Hazardous Materials in Construction and Demolition waste must be properly managed to avoid fines or environmental liability. Proper management includes identification, accumulation, and disposal. Identification and accumulation prior to disposal is the responsibility of the contractor or department performing the work however the liability for not doing this properly is shared by the University. Therefore all project managers should be thoroughly aware of the following requirements. All disposal shall be through, coordinated by, or approved by Environmental Health and Safety.
Hazardous waste from construction projects is to be paid for by the University of Florida from construction funds. The contractor will make arrangements for the waste to be picked up or delivered to the Waste Management Facility, Surge Area. The building and project number should be clearly identified on the Chemical Waste Pickup Request form. EH&S will send a bill to the UF Project Manager. If the terms of the contract indicate that the contractor is ultimately responsible for the cost of disposal of hazardous materials in construction debris, these costs may be billed to the contractor by the UF Project Manager or deducted from payments. As a hazardous waste facility, regulations prevent UF EH&S from working as a subcontractor, which would be the case of UF accepted waste from contractors and charged the contractor a fee for such services.
All contractors who will handle or accumulate hazardous materials shall be able to document that their staff has had appropriate training to identify, manage, and safely handle the hazardous materials.
Typical Waste Streams
An updated asbestos survey of any building or section of a building that is scheduled for renovation or demolition shall be conducted to identify both friable and non-friable asbestos containing materials. A draft copy of the survey must be reviewed by the University Asbestos Coordinator for completeness prior to accepting the final product. A copy of the updated survey must be kept on site until the renovation or demolition activities are completed.
The survey shall be conducted prior to the start of renovation or demolition under the supervision of a Florida-licensed asbestos consultant. Individuals performing asbestos surveys must be certified as EPA asbestos inspectors through a Florida-approved training provider.
A lead paint survey must be provided for any building constructed prior to 1980 and for any exterior structure (i.e. painted handrails) that may be affected by a construction project, regardless of age. Materials identified as having lead paint must be further characterized to determine if they are subject to hazardous waste disposal restrictions.
Lead survey information must be provided to the contractor and the contractor must comply with applicable training requirements as required by OSHA and the EPA.
Samples of caulking in buildings constructed prior to 1978 must be analyzed for the presence of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) if the material will be impacted by renovation or demolition activities. Caulking containing concentrations of PCBs equal to or greater than 50 ppm shall be handled and disposed of as hazardous waste.
All ballasts (PCB and non PCB) must be collected for disposal, containers for ballast disposal can be obtained by contacting EHS Hazardous Materials Management. Barrels must be labeled and closed during accumulation. 55 gallon barrels should not be filled more than half way due to the weight. PCB ballasts must be segregated from non PCB ballasts.
Lamps and HID Light Bulbs
Fluorescent and high-intensity discharge (HID) bulbs must be handled by EH&S HMM. Other specialty bulbs which also may contain mercury must be handled by EH&S as well. All spent lamps, or the container which they are in, must be labeled clearly using the following phrases: “Universal Waste—Lamp(s),” or “Waste Lamp(s),” or “Used Lamp(s)”. Lamp boxes are available through EH&S at no cost. Protect lamps from breaking and the containers from moisture.
Mercury switches – Mercury Containing Equipment
There are many types of equipment that contain elemental mercury. Before disposing of any of these types of equipment, you should verify that they do not contain mercury. Mercury containing devices should be handled with caution to prevent spillage. Devices should be handled intact, sealed, and packaged to prevent breakage. All used mercury containing equipment must be labeled clearly as “Universal Waste—Mercury Containing Equipment,” “Waste Mercury-Containing Equipment,” or “Used Mercury-Containing Equipment.”
- Heating and air conditioning thermostats
- Tilt switches used in silent light switches,
- Pressure gauges, displacement/plunger relays
- Flow meters
- Float switches
- Drain traps in old buildings
Storage batteries and other batteries which contain hazardous metals such as mercury, lead, silver and cadmium must be handled by EH&S. All used batteries must be clearly labeled using the following phrases: “Universal Waste — Battery(ies)”, “Waste Battery(ies)” or “Used Battery(ies)” during accumulation. Bagging small batteries in non conductive material will help prevent fires.
Disposal of hazardous chemicals must be coordinated with EHS. Never dispose of chemicals onto the ground, into water bodies, or the stormwater system.
Disposal of electronic waste should be coordinated with Assett Management.
Discharges of wastewater, rinsates , and sediments to the University storm-water system are strictly prohibited. Non regulated discharges must go to a sanitary sewer. The discharge must be approved by the Waste Water Treatment System Operator. Contact EHS for assistance in disposal of non regulated waste waters and rinsates.
- . Refer to section for guidance on sediment control and permitting
Report any spill that reaches soil, water, or stormwater to EHS or after hours to the UPD.
- EHS Spill Reporting
- UPD Spill Reporting
Waste labels are available at no cost from Hazardous Materials Management
- Bill Coughlin
Assistance for all waste streams (except asbestos and lead)
- Bill Coughlin
Assistance for asbestos and lead waste streams
- Tom Ladun